Difference between revisions of "LNER 24068 Composite Corridor Brake"

From SVR Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (add category)
m (add links)
 
(20 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[File: LNER_24068_20150307.jpg |thumb|300px|right| LNER Brake Composite Corridor 24068]]
+
{{Infobox carriage
24068 is a Brake Composite Corridor (BCK). It has a welded underframe and was outshopped in 1937 as one of 69 built to Diagram 169 between 1936 and 1940, with Rexine interior in art-deco style. It was renumbered 10078 in the 1943 renumbering of LNER locomotives and carriages. Following nationalisation it became E10078, E10078E and finally on passing to the Great Eastern section GE10078E. We believe it was overhauled at York in 1964, but may not have returned to traffic.
+
|image      = LNER_24068_20150307.jpg
 +
|caption    = LNER Brake Composite Corridor 24068
 +
|construc  = LNER York
 +
|status    = In service
 +
|carno      = 24068
 +
|othernos  = 10078, E10078, E10078E, GE10078E
 +
|designed  = Sir Nigel Gresley
 +
|diagram    = 175
 +
|lot        = 700
 +
|cartype    = [[:Category: Carriage Type BCK|BCK]]
 +
|length    = 61ft 6in
 +
|weight    = tba
 +
|seats      = 12 first, 24 third
 +
|built      = 1937
 +
|years1    = 1972
 +
|events1    = Preserved on SVR
 +
|years2    = 1982
 +
|events2    = Entered service as GE10078E
 +
|years3    = 2000
 +
|events3    = Fully restored as 24068
 +
|years4    = 2010
 +
|events4    = Gifted to the [[Charitable Trust]]
 +
|years5    =
 +
|events5    =
 +
|years6    =
 +
|events6    =
 +
}}'''24068''' is a '''Vestibule Brake Composite Corridor (BCK)''' designed by LNER CME Sir Nigel Gresley. It has a welded underframe with a teak body and a Rexine interior in art-deco style. It has two first class and four third class compartments seating 12 and 24 respectively, together with two toilets and a guard's compartment at the end next to first class<ref name=Longworth>[[Bibliography#Other References|Longworth Vol 1, GWR and LNER (2018)]] p.261.</ref>.
  
24068 was purchased for preservation from York by Dr F.G.A Noon, but not before seats, internal doors and many fittings had been removed. It moved to the SVR in 1972, and ownership passed to the LNER (SVR) Coach Fund in 1979. It was returned to traffic with replacement fittings from SVR stock but lack of funds prevented proper restoration. Between 1982 and 1987 it carried its BR number GE10078E, and was withdrawn for an overhaul in 1992.  This began in spring of 1997, initially with a cosmetic overhaul as the first vehicle through the SVR’s new paint shop. Following a number of photo charters with the North Norfolk Railway's B12, a full restoration began in October 1999.  This was completed in 2000, with the coach now in LNER livery as 24068.
+
==Service==
 +
24068 was outshopped at York in 1937 as one of 13 built as Lot 700 to Diagram 175 for use in the LNER's north eastern division (Gresley's numbering system classified vehicles according to the operating division to which they were allocated and made no distinction as to the type of vehicle). It was renumbered 10078 in the 1943 renumbering of LNER locomotives and carriages. Following nationalisation it became BR number E10078, E10078E and finally GE10078E after the Great Eastern section received its own prefix.<ref name=Longworth/> During BR ownership the varnished teak panelling was painted crimson and cream and later maroon.  
  
24068 was one of three coaches which in 2010 were gifted by the LNER (SVR) Coach Fund to the SVR Rolling Stock Trust (now the [[Severn Valley Railway Charitable Trust Ltd]]), along with 43600 and 70759.
+
Most similar carriages were withdrawn in 1964 awaiting conversion to carflats, but GE10078E had just been outshopped after an overhaul and was therefore spared. However it apparently never returned to traffic but was stored in sidings at Leeman Road, York until 1968<ref>SVR Charitable Trust</ref>.
  
==Sources==
+
==Preservation==
Railway Heritage Register Carriage Survey<br>
+
GE10078E was purchased for preservation from York by Dr Geoffrey Noon, but not before seats, internal doors and many fittings had been removed. It became the SVR’s first Gresley Coach when it arrived on 9 September 1972.<ref>SVR News 26</ref> In summer 1974 10078 was one four carriages requested for the following year's 150th Anniversary of the Stockton and Darlington
LNER (SVR) Coach Fund
+
Railway event at Shildon,<ref>SVR News 32</ref> although the time needed for restoration meant that other carriages eventually attended instead.
 +
 
 +
By autumn 1976 10078 had received a new roof canvas and some attention to body panelling, although much re-panelling in teak-faced ply remained to be done, as did the interior refitting.<ref>SVR News 41</ref> The carriage returned to Bewdley paint shop the following summer for further work on restoration into varnished teak livery with work continuing intermittently through 1978.<ref>SVR News 44, 49</ref> After ownership passed to [[The LNER (SVR) Coach Fund]] in 1979 work was resumed on the compartments, with a small team replacing ceilings and applying new rexine to the walls and fittings. Dr. Noon had supplied many interior fittings including LNER mirrors and pictures to help with this.<ref>SVR News 54, 56</ref> Work continued slowly with all the third class walls and ceilings re-rexined and seats installed by Spring 1981.<ref>SVR News 59</ref> In April 1981 the carriage was moved into Bewdley Goods shed. By summer 1982 about three quarters of the exterior has been stripped and varnished, replacing panels as necessary using all the re-usable teak off 16600 (scrapped in 1980).<ref>SVR News 64</ref> Sapele wood was also used as a teak substitute for some of the exterior panels on cost grounds. Although still unfinished and un-numbered, the carriage was eventually pressed into service in September 1982.<ref>SVR News 66, 78</ref><ref>LNERCF & LNERCG Newsletter 53</ref>
 +
 
 +
Because the external renovation was not complete, no signwriting or lining out was carried out although the original LNER number 24068 appeared inside the guard's compartment.  To assist the traffic department (who were accustomed to a carriage's running number being painted on the outside rather than on the guard's van ceiling!) [[Hugh McQuade]] offered to apply BR transfers. York works reputedly continued to outshop carriages in unlined teak until 1952, so it was considered appropriate to use the post-1946 number GE10078E. That remained as the carriage number until 1992 when, after ten years' SVR service, dragging brakes necessitated a withdrawal from service due to wheel flats.<ref>SVR News 69, 82, 104</ref><ref>SVR Charitable Trust</ref>. 
 +
 
 +
After withdrawal, the carriage was stored in Kidderminster yard awaiting a brake and bogie overhaul, a new roof canvas, some new panelling and attention to the interior. However in spring 1997 [[61994 The Great Marquess|K4 3442 'The Great Marquess']] was about to be repainted from apple green into BR black, and with [[LNER 43612 Open Third|open third 43612]] just completed there was a chance to run a five coach 1930s LNER train. 10078/24068 was therefore briefly returned to working order to act as the brake coach, becoming the first vehicle through the SVR's new paint shop at Kidderminster in the process.<ref>SVR News 122</ref> It duly appeared with the K4 and four other teak coaches at various events and photographers’ charters. The full overhaul then began in October 1997 and was completed in spring 2000, interrupted by a brief appearance (using a spare set of bogies)<ref>SVR News 129, 132</ref> at the SVR's 1998 [[Autumn Gala]] in a six-carriage teak set with ex-LNER B12 4-6-0 8572 from the North Norfolk Railway. Following the overhaul the was in lined 1937 LNER livery as 24068.<ref>LNER (SVR) Coach Fund</ref>
 +
 
 +
As part of the original restoration, the missing internal doors had been replaced by some in an early GNR style. During the early 2000s a number of later rexine-style doors were refurbished and the opportunity was taken to replace the doors in 24068 with these, allowing the period-correct GNR doors to be used in the restoration of [[GNR 2701 Composite Corridor|GNR 2701]].<ref>SVR News 142</ref>
 +
 
 +
In early 2008 24068 was observed to be riding low. The Gresley carriages have the springs inside the bogie frames where they are largely unseen. Once the body was lifted off the bogies, four broken
 +
coil springs were found, some in as many as five pieces. The damage was thought to be due to the carriage being overloaded during the 'GI wedding' on several successive 1940's events. Replacement springs were fitted with a return to traffic in June 2008.<ref>SVR News 164</ref>
 +
 
 +
24068 was one of three coaches which in December 2010 were gifted by the LNER (SVR) Coach Fund to the SVR Rolling Stock Trust (now the [[Severn Valley Railway Charitable Trust Ltd]]), along with 43600 and 70759.
 +
 
 +
By summer 2016 24068 was suffering from a leaking roof due to the boards coming loose on the framework and causing canvas splits. To minimise further damage it was therefore decided the carriage would be withdrawn from service as soon as the conversion of [[LNER 24506 Brake Third|Brake Third 24506]] was complete, only reappearing for the Flying Scotsman and Pacific Power events. Its next overhaul was scheduled to commence in January 2018 when it was hoped to improve and re-upholster the seating. The roof canvass would also have to come off to allow the standard remedial work (see [[LNER 43600 Open Third|43600]]). It was also hoped to replace a few of the 1980s sapele panels before re-varnishing the exterior. The carriage was returned to use in time for the 2018 [[Christmas services]] without all these repairs being carried out.
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Carriages#LNER (and constituents) Designed Coaches| List of carriages]]
 +
*[[The LNER (SVR) Coach Fund]]
 +
*[[Severn Valley Railway Charitable Trust Ltd]]
 +
*[[List of preservation groups]]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
<references />
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
[http://www.cs.vintagecarriagestrust.org/se/CarriageInfo.asp?Ref=999 LNER 24068 on vintagecarriagestrust.org]<br>
+
*[http://www.cs.rhrp.org.uk/se/CarriageInfo.asp?Ref=999 LNER 24068 on Railway Heritage Register On-Line]
[http://www.lnersvrcoachfund.org.uk//teak_set.html#24068 24068 on lnersvrcoachfund.org.uk]<br>
+
*[http://www.lnersvrcoachfund.org.uk//teak_set.html#24068 24068 on lnersvrcoachfund.org.uk]
[http://svrtrust.org.uk/our-vehicles/lner/24068-2.html 24068 on svrtrust.org.uk]
+
*[https://www.svrtrust.org.uk/index.php?page=24068 24068 on svrtrust.org.uk]
  
==See also==
+
{{CarriageNavbox}}
[[Carriages#LNER (and constituents) Designed Coaches| List of carriages]]<br>
 
: [[LNER 7960 Kitchen Composite |  Previous ]]<br>
 
: [[LNER 24105 Open Third |  Next ]]
 
  
 
[[Category: Rolling stock owned by The SVR Charitable Trust]]
 
[[Category: Rolling stock owned by The SVR Charitable Trust]]
 
[[Category: Carriage Type BCK]]
 
[[Category: Carriage Type BCK]]
 +
[[Category:Featured articles]]

Latest revision as of 16:02, 7 September 2020

LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway 24068 CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard. Corridor Brake
LNER 24068 20150307.jpg
LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway Brake CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard. Corridor 24068
Built By LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway York
Status In service
Number 24068
Other numbers 10078, E10078, E10078E, GE10078E
History
Built 1937
Designed By Sir Nigel GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941
Diagram 175
Lot 700
Type BCK
Length 61ft 6in
Weight tba
Seats 12 first, 24 third
1972 Preserved on SVRSevern Valley Railway
1982 Entered service as GE10078E
2000 Fully restored as 24068
2010 Gifted to the Charitable Trust

Carriages

24068 is a Vestibule Brake CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard. Corridor (BCK) designed by LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway CMEChief Mechanical Engineer Sir Nigel GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941. It has a welded underframe with a teak body and a Rexinean early form of vinyl used by the LNER for wall coverings in teak coaches interior in art-deco style. It has two first class and four third class compartments seating 12 and 24 respectively, together with two toilets and a guard's compartment at the end next to first class[1].

Service

24068 was outshopped at York in 1937 as one of 13 built as Lot 700 to Diagram 175 for use in the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway's north eastern division (GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941's numbering system classified vehicles according to the operating division to which they were allocated and made no distinction as to the type of vehicle). It was renumbered 10078 in the 1943 renumbering of LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway locomotives and carriages. Following nationalisation it became BRBritish Rail or British Railways number E10078, E10078E and finally GE10078E after the Great Eastern section received its own prefix.[1] During BRBritish Rail or British Railways ownership the varnished teak panelling was painted crimson and cream and later maroon.

Most similar carriages were withdrawn in 1964 awaiting conversion to carflats, but GE10078E had just been outshopped after an overhaul and was therefore spared. However it apparently never returned to traffic but was stored in sidings at Leeman Road, York until 1968[2].

Preservation

GE10078E was purchased for preservation from York by Dr Geoffrey Noon, but not before seats, internal doors and many fittings had been removed. It became the SVRSevern Valley Railway’s first GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941 Coach when it arrived on 9 September 1972.[3] In summer 1974 10078 was one four carriages requested for the following year's 150th Anniversary of the Stockton and Darlington Railway event at Shildon,[4] although the time needed for restoration meant that other carriages eventually attended instead.

By autumn 1976 10078 had received a new roof canvas and some attention to body panelling, although much re-panelling in teak-faced ply remained to be done, as did the interior refitting.[5] The carriage returned to Bewdley paint shop the following summer for further work on restoration into varnished teak livery with work continuing intermittently through 1978.[6] After ownership passed to The LNER (SVR) Coach Fund in 1979 work was resumed on the compartments, with a small team replacing ceilings and applying new rexine to the walls and fittings. Dr. Noon had supplied many interior fittings including LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway mirrors and pictures to help with this.[7] Work continued slowly with all the third class walls and ceilings re-rexined and seats installed by Spring 1981.[8] In April 1981 the carriage was moved into Bewdley Goods shed. By summer 1982 about three quarters of the exterior has been stripped and varnished, replacing panels as necessary using all the re-usable teak off 16600 (scrapped in 1980).[9] Sapele wood was also used as a teak substitute for some of the exterior panels on cost grounds. Although still unfinished and un-numbered, the carriage was eventually pressed into service in September 1982.[10][11]

Because the external renovation was not complete, no signwriting or lining out was carried out although the original LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway number 24068 appeared inside the guard's compartment. To assist the traffic department (who were accustomed to a carriage's running number being painted on the outside rather than on the guard's van ceiling!) Hugh McQuade offered to apply BRBritish Rail or British Railways transfers. York works reputedly continued to outshop carriages in unlined teak until 1952, so it was considered appropriate to use the post-1946 number GE10078E. That remained as the carriage number until 1992 when, after ten years' SVRSevern Valley Railway service, dragging brakes necessitated a withdrawal from service due to wheel flats.[12][13].

After withdrawal, the carriage was stored in Kidderminster yard awaiting a brake and bogie overhaul, a new roof canvas, some new panelling and attention to the interior. However in spring 1997 K4 3442 'The Great Marquess' was about to be repainted from apple green into BRBritish Rail or British Railways black, and with open third 43612 just completed there was a chance to run a five coach 1930s LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway train. 10078/24068 was therefore briefly returned to working order to act as the brake coach, becoming the first vehicle through the SVRSevern Valley Railway's new paint shop at Kidderminster in the process.[14] It duly appeared with the K4 and four other teak coaches at various events and photographers’ charters. The full overhaul then began in October 1997 and was completed in spring 2000, interrupted by a brief appearance (using a spare set of bogies)[15] at the SVRSevern Valley Railway's 1998 Autumn Gala in a six-carriage teak set with ex-LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway B12 4-6-0 8572 from the North Norfolk Railway. Following the overhaul the was in lined 1937 LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway livery as 24068.[16]

As part of the original restoration, the missing internal doors had been replaced by some in an early GNRGreat Northern Railway style. During the early 2000s a number of later rexine-style doors were refurbished and the opportunity was taken to replace the doors in 24068 with these, allowing the period-correct GNRGreat Northern Railway doors to be used in the restoration of GNR 2701.[17]

In early 2008 24068 was observed to be riding low. The GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941 carriages have the springs inside the bogie frames where they are largely unseen. Once the body was lifted off the bogies, four broken coil springs were found, some in as many as five pieces. The damage was thought to be due to the carriage being overloaded during the 'GI wedding' on several successive 1940's events. Replacement springs were fitted with a return to traffic in June 2008.[18]

24068 was one of three coaches which in December 2010 were gifted by the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway (SVRSevern Valley Railway) Coach Fund to the SVRSevern Valley Railway Rolling Stock Trust (now the Severn Valley Railway Charitable Trust Ltd), along with 43600 and 70759.

By summer 2016 24068 was suffering from a leaking roof due to the boards coming loose on the framework and causing canvas splits. To minimise further damage it was therefore decided the carriage would be withdrawn from service as soon as the conversion of Brake Third 24506 was complete, only reappearing for the Flying Scotsman and PacificLocomotive with a 4-6-2 wheel configuration Power events. Its next overhaul was scheduled to commence in January 2018 when it was hoped to improve and re-upholster the seating. The roof canvass would also have to come off to allow the standard remedial work (see 43600). It was also hoped to replace a few of the 1980s sapele panels before re-varnishing the exterior. The carriage was returned to use in time for the 2018 Christmas services without all these repairs being carried out.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Longworth Vol 1, GWR and LNER (2018) p.261.
  2. SVRSevern Valley Railway Charitable Trust
  3. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 26
  4. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 32
  5. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 41
  6. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 44, 49
  7. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 54, 56
  8. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 59
  9. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 64
  10. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 66, 78
  11. LNERCF & LNERCG Newsletter 53
  12. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 69, 82, 104
  13. SVRSevern Valley Railway Charitable Trust
  14. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 122
  15. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 129, 132
  16. LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway (SVRSevern Valley Railway) Coach Fund
  17. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 142
  18. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 164

Links