LNER 43600 Open Third

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LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway 43600 Open Third
LNER 43600 20190723.jpg
LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway Open Third 43600
Built By LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway York
Status In service
Number 43600
Other numbers 13354, E13354E, DE320960
Built 1934
Designed By GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941
Diagram 186
Lot 559
Type TTO
Length 61ft 6in
Weight 31t 0cwt
Seats 64 third
1980 Preserved on SVRSevern Valley Railway


Upgraded interior of 43600
LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway GresleySir Nigel Gresley, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London & North Eastern Railway 1923-1941 Open Third (TO) No 43600 was built at York in 1934, primarily for excursion traffic, but carriages of this type were often found in service trains. It was the first LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway vehicle built with a welded chassis, reducing the weight by around a ton.[1]


It was renumbered as 13354 as part of the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway's 1943 re-numbering scheme. On Nationalisation in 1947, BRBritish Rail or British Railways initially allocated an E prefix to indicate its LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway origin, with a further re-numbering to E13354E after 1951.[2]

From 1961 until 1979 it served with LNER 24105 Open Third as part of an Emergency Control Train, for which role the interior was stripped of seats, heating and 24V lighting. Desks, phones, 240V mains lighting and heating, lockers and chemical toilets were added. In this role it carried the DepartmentalRolling stock used for the railway’s own functions (engineering etc.) rather than for general passenger or goods traffic. number DE320960[3].


43600 arrived on the SVRSevern Valley Railway on 3 April 1980 in black livery. It was painted brown given a set of plastic chairs borrowed from the Catering Dept. and was used in service trains from that September until late 1984. Restoration into 1935 livery but with a very basic "temporary" interior, (fortunately including proper seats, heat, light and working toilets) was completed in 1987, after which it was used for 27 years!

Overhaul and Upgrade

In 2014 it received an overhaul and comprehensive upgrade in LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway period style to the interior, re-entering service in November. LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway pattern luggage racks, coat hooks, wall lamps, tables and mirrors were added, whilst the angular Mk1 seat ends were replaced with new ones to a much more sympathetic design. Fawn vinyl, similar to the original Rexinean early form of vinyl used by the LNER for wall coverings in teak coaches was used to cover the walls, and the seats were upholstered with cut moquette made to an LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway pattern of the period. The upgrade was paid for by its new owners, the SVRSevern Valley Railway Charitable Trust thanks to many generous sponsors who contributed £13.8k including Gift Aid.

During January to May 2016 further work was carried out on the roof as a joint volunteer/full time staff project and included stripping off the old roof covering (dating from c1987,) securely re-fastening the T&G roof boards to the transverse steel hoops with countersunk set screws and applying a new canvas,rainstrips and tacking rails. The opportunity was taken to apply a further 2 coats of varnish to the exterior, thus prolonging its life before the next major overhaul. This work was completed and it returned to traffic on 18th May 2016.

Early in 2016, a principal supplier of 24 Volt LED lamp bulbs introduced a 40 Watt equivalent "golf ball" style bulb, the installation of which would improve lighting levels and reduce power consumption. A public appeal raised sufficient money to replace all of the lamp bulbs in the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway carriages of set N. The electrician reports that since the replacement, Set N has required very little top up charging from battery chargers as the dynamos are now able to supply sufficient current to charge the batteries (as they should).

43600 was one of three coaches which in 2010 were gifted by the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway (SVRSevern Valley Railway) Coach Fund to the SVRSevern Valley Railway Rolling Stock Trust (now the Severn Valley Railway Charitable Trust Ltd), along with 24068 and 70759.

See also

List of carriages


LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway (SVRSevern Valley Railway) Coach Fund

  1. Railway Heritage Register Carriage Survey
  2. Longworth (2018) p.175.
  3. Longworth (2018) p.473.