LMS Stanier Class 5 45110
|LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 Class 5 45110|
45110 at Highley
|Built By||Vulcan Foundry, Newton-le-Willows|
|BRBritish Rail or British Railways rating||5MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic.|
|Status||Out of service|
|Designed By||William StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944|
|1970||Arrived on SVRSevern Valley Railway in working order|
|1971||Named "R.A.F. Biggin Hill"|
|1980||Withdrawn for overhaul|
|2008||Withdrawn for overhaul|
|Tractive effort||25,455 lb|
|Pressure||225 lb/sq in|
45110 is an LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 'Black Five' 4-6-0 mixed traffic locomotive. It worked the return portion of the ‘Fifteen Guinea Special’, the last steam passenger service run by British Railways.
45110 in Service
The LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 Class 5 was an immediate success when introduced into service in 1934. It was a mixed traffic locomotive that could handle anything from express passenger traffic to goods trains. 842 were built, more than any other class of locomotive before or since, and they worked all over the LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway network. Following nationalisation they were classified 5MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic. by British Railways and quickly became used throughout the country. They were never painted any colour but black, earning them the nickname ‘Black 5s’. The design of the British Railways Standard Class 5 was based on the Black 5.
45110 was built by the Vulcan Foundry as works number 4653/1934, and entered service in June 1935 as LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway 5110. Following nationalisation it was renumbered as 45110 by BRBritish Rail or British Railways in 1949, and it was one of the very last steam locomotives still in use by BRBritish Rail or British Railways when it finished its working life at Lostock Hall Shed, Preston.
The last ‘official’ train run by BRBritish Rail or British Railways was a ‘farewell to steam’ special on 11 August 1968, 8 days after regular steam services had ended. The special train ‘1T57’ became known as the ‘Fifteen Guinea Special’ after the price of tickets. 45110 took the train from Liverpool to Manchester, from where 70013 Oliver Cromwell continued to Carlisle. Two other Black 5s (44781 and 44871) began the return leg, while the honour of the final return to Liverpool fell to 45110, which thereby entered history as the last BRBritish Rail or British Railways-owned standard gauge steam locomotive to haul a service on the national network.
45110 in preservation
45110 was initially saved for preservation by "The Stanier Black 5 Locomotive Preservation Society", mainly through fund raising efforts of its President Mr David Porter, Principal of the “Flairavia Flying Club” at Biggin Hill Civil Airport. On 8 January 1969 the locomotive was hauled ‘dead’ from Lostock Hall to Clapham Sidings. Three days later 45110 was moved again to a temporary home at the privately rented former BRBritish Rail or British Railways Ashford shed. There it was worked on by members of the Flying Club and steamed on several open days, during one of which it first carried temporary name plates bearing the name “R.A.F. Biggin Hill”.
It became clear that a new home for the locomotive at a heritage railway was needed and Mr Porter considered the SVRSevern Valley Railway to be the most suitable. 45110 left Ashford on 17 August 1970, being hauled dead to Bescot on 19 August. There the motion was reattached and a fire lit, so when the locomotive arrived at Bewdley on 20 August 1970, it continued to Bridgnorth under its own steam. Minimum work was required before 45110 entered service on Sunday 20 September 1970. A naming ceremony was held on 12 September 1971, at which the locomotive was formally named “R.A.F. Biggin Hill”.
David Porter (who was also associated with 417 Invicta) became a Director of SVRSevern Valley Railway(H) when it was first established in late 1972. On 11 August 1973, with his agreement, 45110 took part in a Derby Litchurch Lane Carriage Works "Open Day". The locomotive travelled there and back in steam with LMS 24617 Corridor Composite, LMS 26986 Brake Third Corridor and Stove R 32919, thereby becoming the first Severn Valley locomotive and rolling stock to work unassisted on the BRBritish Rail or British Railways network in preservation. The move also resulted in the locomotive leaving facing south and returning facing north, thus becoming only the second locomotive on the SVRSevern Valley Railway to work facing in each direction.[note 1]
During 1975 45110 was one of the locomotives used in the filming of The Seven-Per-Cent Solution. Shortly before that time 45110 was put up for sale, and although it was not SVRSevern Valley Railway policy to own locomotives, the joint Boards decided that it should stay on the SVRSevern Valley Railway if possible, so an exception was made and the purchase of 45110 was successfully negotiated. The terms agreed were £19,000 with a 25% down payment and the balance payable over three years, subject to signature of the film contract. The decision caused great upset amongst members at the time, with threats of petitions being raised and membership cards torn up.
The first period of service ended in 1980 after recording 21,185 miles in use. Following overhaul, a second period of service began in 1998. This lasted until late 2008, including a 6-month boiler ticket extension which enabled the locomotive to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the end of BRBritish Rail or British Railways main line steam. During this period a number of main line appearances were made as follows:
|Date||Tour name||Route||Notes||Web||SVRSevern Valley Railway News|
|26 Sep 1998||Rose of Shires||Bescot - York + return||UKS||129-13|
|17 Oct 1998||Blackpool Five||Shrewsbury-Blackpool + return||UKS||128-76|
|24 Oct 1998||Royal Duchy||Exeter - Plymouth-Newquay||D/H with 48773||UKS||129-12|
|31 Oct 1998||Stannary Staniers||Ealing Broadway-Penzance||D/H with 48773||UKS|
|07 Nov 1998||Staffordshire Terrier||Birmingham -Chester-Wolverhampton||UKS||128-76|
|14 Nov 1998||Colne Dee Express||Nottingham-Chester + return||UKS|
|28 Nov 1998||Lakes Express||Crewe-Shap-Carlisle + return||D/H with 45407||UKS||129-12|
|05 Dec 1998||Lincolnian||Dorridge-Lincoln + return||UKS|
|19 Dec 1998||Christmas Chester Chuffer||Birmingham Int'l-Chester + return||UKS|
|30 Jan 1999||Merseyman||Bescot-Crewe-Liverpool-Crewe-Walsall-Bescot||UKS||129-52|
|07 Mar 1999||Ynys Mon Express||Crewe-Holyhead + return||UKS||129-13|
|21 May 1999||Private Charter||Harrow-Amersham (2 trips)||UKS|
|22 May 1999||Steam on the Met||Amersham-Watford shuttles||UKS|
|23 May 1999||Steam on the Met||Amersham-Watford shuttles||UKS|
|29 May 1999||Steam on the Met||Amersham-Watford shuttles||UKS|
|30 May 1999||Steam on the Met||Amersham-Watford shuttles||UKS|
|31 May 1999||Steam on the Met||Amersham-Watford shuttles||UKS||130-38|
|15 Aug 1999||Mayflower||Bristol-Plymouth-Bristol||D/H with 45407, ran as scheduled||UKS|
|02 Oct 1999||Welsh Dragon||Birmingham Int-Bescot- Llandrindod- Port Talbot-Newport||Driver Ray Churchill, Fireman Arthur Bromley||UKS||132-45|
|23 Oct 1999||Fishburn Flyer||Crewe-Carnforth-Crewe||To be confirmed||UKS|
|13 Nov 1999||North Wales Venturer||Crewe-Holyhead-Crewe||To be confirmed||UKS|
|11 Dec 1999||Midlander||Nuneaton-Lickey-Gloucester+return, Bromsgrove-Blackwell*||*80079 as banker||UKS||132-46|
|18 Dec 1999||Christmas Chester Chuffer||Birmingham Int-Rugeley-Chester -Wrexham-Birmingham Int||UKS, Six Bells Junction|
|05 Feb 2000||Peak Forester||Derby - Buxton - Crewe||SBJ|
|27 May 2000||Laird of Stranraer Day 1||Crewe - Carnforth (tender swap)-Glasgow||D/H with 45407. Borrowed tender from 48151||SBJ|
|29 May 2000||Laird of Stranraer Day 3||Glasgow Central - WCML - Lockerbie UpIn reference to the direction of travel means towards the major terminus (i.e. towards Kidderminster on the present day SVR) Passenger Loop*||*Failed with leaking tubes (SBJ has date as 28th)||SBJ||133-29|
|For further information on sources and references, see The Severn Valley Railway on the main line|
Following expiry of the second 'ticket' in 2008, 45110 moved on loan to Barrow Hill Roundhouse for a period on static display there. In October 2013 the locomotive returned to the SVRSevern Valley Railway and was moved into The Engine House, taking the place of 4930 Hagley Hall which had moved to Bridgnorth for overhaul. It was moved to Kidderminster to take part in the 'Last Days of Steam' event on 4 August 2018, marking the 50th anniversary of the 'end of steam' in the BRBritish Rail or British Railways era, and is usually stored in Kidderminster Carriage Shed. It is now owned by SVR(H).
- Steam Locomotives
- The Severn Valley Railway on the main line
- SVR-based locomotives visiting other events
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 18, 19
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 21
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 26
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 29
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 115, “North and South before the Turntable”, Quentin Haigh
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 37, p.3.
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 37, “The Unpopular Decision”, David C Williams (Editor) p.35.
- 46443 arrived facing south but returned from an open day at Tyseley in September 1969 facing north, the only locomotive to be turned before the SVRSevern Valley Railway opened.