Bridgnorth Loco Works

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Bridgnorth MPDMotive Power Depot including the loco shed, machine shop and boiler shop
Bridgnorth MPDMotive Power Depot in 1972 (David Cooke)

Bridgnorth Loco Works is the home to Severn Valley Railway Engineering Services and is the SVRSevern Valley Railway's main steam locomotive maintenance, repair and restoration facility. The Loco Works mainly occupies four buildings, the Loco Shed (ex-Portskewett), the Machine Shop (formerly the GWRGreat Western Railway Goods Shed), the Paint Shop (ex-Heaton Mersey diesel depot) and the Boiler Shop. There is also a pattern shop, where patterns for castings are made and stored.

The Loco Works is normally closed to the public, although the Loco Shed and Machine Shop may be open for viewing during Gala events such as the Open House Weekend.

Loco Shed

When preservation began, the former Bridgnorth goods shed was initially used as a loco shed although it was very restricted in size. In spring 1972 the SVR Company purchased the ex-B.R.British Rail or British Railways Diesel Depot building at Heaton Mersey, Stockport.[1] Later that year a large disused building at Portskewett, near Severn Tunnel Junction, was also identified as a possible loco shed building.[2] When the latter building was acquired in 1974, it was planned to begin construction using the Heaton Mersey building, with the Portskewett shed potentially being destined for the Stourport Triangle.[3] However when construction of the loco shed began in March 1976, it was done using parts of the former Portskewett Shed, with the pits being dug the following November and the building completed in April 1977.[4] The ex-Heaton Mersey shed was added in 1978 to the rear of the ex-Portskewett Shed, adjacent to the Goods Shed.[5]

The small brick building on the left in the main pictures above pre-dates preservation and is used an oil store. Two other BRBritish Rail or British Railways-era buildings in front of the Goods Shed seen in the 1972 view were demolished shortly afterwards to make way for the 'new' loco shed.

In autumn 1990 the "Wash & Brush UpIn reference to the direction of travel means towards the major terminus (i.e. towards Kidderminster on the present day SVR) LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway Style" SVRA raffle raised money for new amenities for the Works[6].

Wheel drop

The loco shed includes a wheel drop which was formerly located at the Leicester Midland MPDMotive Power Depot (shed 15C). This was purchased and installed following an appeal for funds launched in summer 2009. Installation involved digging a hole 6m deep, relocating a mains water pipe and pouring 200m3 of concrete.[7] The wheel drop won the National Railway Heritage Awards FirstGroup Skills Award in 2010.[8]

The newly-installed wheel drop was used 'in anger' for the first time on 29 July 2010, when the trailing driving wheel set was removed from Stanier mogul 42968 to attend to loose axle boxes.[9] This series of photos shows the wheel drop in use to remove a tender wheelset from GWR 7802 Bradley Manor

2021 upgrade project

An upgrade to the loco shed was also carried out in 2009, including the installation of roller shutter doors, side windows to improve lighting, and the provision of an enclosed paint shop within the ex-Heaton Mersey building. However by 2020 the roof was leaking and was thought to have only a two year lifespan. Lighting in the works was also considered inadequate, and there was no fit-for-purpose method of moving heavy items. A capital project planned for 2020-2021 was initially put on hold due to the effects of the 2020 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.[10] The Charitable Trust's planned £250,000 appeal was deferred for the same reason.[11]

The project will include:

  • A new roof with insulated panels, at least 15% of which will be translucent to maximise daylight.
  • State-of-the-art energy efficiency measures including LED lighting giving full illumination throughout the building using less electricity.
  • Installing an 8-tonne overhead travelling crane, allowing heavy items to be moved safely and with ease.

In 2021 the Charitable Trust launched its "Home and Dry appeal" to raise funds for the project which then had an estimated cost of around £425,000. The project was the subject of the spring 2021 "Home and Dry" raffle[12][13].

Machine Shop

Bridgnorth Goods Shed c. 1973

The Loco Works' machine shop is located in the former Bridgnorth Goods Shed adjacent to the loco shed. The brick-built shed can be seen in this 1973 view; the corrugated shed which stood in front of it and is visible in the 1972 view above was in course of demolition at the time.

The machine shop includes a Noble and Lund wheel lathe, acquired from BRBritish Rail or British Railways’s Derby Loco Works in 1972.

Boiler shop

Bridgnorth Boiler Shop

Bridgnorth boiler shop is situated to the rear of the machine shop and loco shed.

Construction

Before the boiler shop was built, riveting of boilers was done outdoors. Following complaints by neighbours, Bridgnorth District Council unexpectedly served a noise abatement order on the Railway on 25 March 1986 ordering it to stop riveting boilers in the open air.[14] The Railway lodged an appeal, and a Crown Court hearing on 11 July overturned the injunction. At the same time the SVRSevern Valley Railway applied for, and in November 1986 was granted, a two-year temporary planning permission allowing day-time open air working.[15] The SVRSevern Valley Railway launched a share offer in 1988 to raise £500,000 for construction of the new boiler shop, the largest capital project since the first phases of Kidderminster Town station. Reasons for the high cost included soundproofing using brick and breeze block walls and special doors and windows, and pile driven foundations to take the weight of a substantial 30-ton overhead crane.[16]

October 1988 saw "…an orgy of boiler smithing" as the boilers from 5764, 4566, 42968 and 7802 were all completed and the site then cleared. The contract for construction was let, with work commencing on 21 November 1988 and a target completion date of April 1989. The main contractors were Hickmans of Wolverhampton; the principal sub-contractors were Rubery Owen Steelwork for the frame of the building / crane rails and Davy Morris of Loughborough for the overhead gantry crane.[17] Some delays were incurred in construction, but the building was sufficiently complete by the August bank holiday for it to be used as a temporary paint shop for varnishing BR 16267. Boiler work in the shop commenced later in 1989,[18] with the official opening ceremony being performed by HRH The Duke of Gloucester on 29 October 1990.

In 2012 Severn Valley Railway Engineering Services took delivery of a CNCComputer Numerical Control. A computer converts the design produced by Computer Aided Design software into numbers which are used to control the movement of the cutter. lathe to help with mass production of stays in the workshops, for SVRSevern Valley Railway and contract use.

2011 Copper theft

On 20 January 2011 thieves stole copper sheets worth between £50,000 and £70,000 in a ‘pre-planned and highly professional’ raid, one of a series of major losses targetting copper at a number of heritage sites in that period. Thieves had made an unsuccessful attempt 24 hours earlier, as a result of which the SVRSevern Valley Railway immediately brought in specialist security advisors. However the gang broke in the following night using two ladders - one propped on top of another - to smash the security alarm 16 feet up on the outside wall of the building, and broke down the reinforced air-vent grille to gain access. They then hot-wired the 30-ton capacity overhead gantry crane, using it to lift eleven copper sheets weighing an estimated six tons in total into a lorry which they had reversed into the building.[19] The theft, believed to have taken place some time after midnight, was discovered by SVRSevern Valley Railway loco driver and permanent way man Bob Toy at around 7.30am the following morning.

The copper sheets had been cut to size and designated as new/replacement sections for the fireboxes of several locomotives, including 82045, 47383 and 48773. In addition, they stole a made-up outside steam pipe from 1501 and the chainsAs a unit of measurement, 22 yards or 1/80th of a mile from the gantry crane. Workflow was not interrupted as the locomotives involved were not at that time being worked upon.

Scene of Crime officers from West Mercia Police studied scrapes on the wall, thought to have been caused by a vehicle and footprints in the dust on the floor. They also obtained CCTV footage of a heavily laden vehicle leaving Bridgnorth, with false registration plates. The railway offered a £5,000 reward for information leading to the recovery of the stolen copper, but to no avail, and the SVRSevern Valley Railway's insurers met the cost of the stolen material in full. Following the raid, the SVRSevern Valley Railway moved swiftly to install new security arrangements[20].

New boiler assembly and production

A development of contract engineering work has seen the SVRSevern Valley Railway producing new boilers.

  • 0-4-0 Back/Well Tank No. 2 'Dolgoch' from the Talyllyn Railway (no. 63/1866 by Fletcher, Jennings & Co). Severn Valley Railway Engineering at Bridgnorth announced in 2010 that they had been awarded the contract for the new boiler of traditional rivetted construction with a copper inner firebox. This boiler was SVRSevern Valley Railway No. 1
  • In 2016 a new boiler was completed for Samson, a replica for Beamish of a Stephen Lewin-built 0-4-0T originally constructed in 1874 at Lewin’s Poole Foundry.[21][22]
  • In 2018 Engineering Services was awarded a contract to build five new boilers for the Isle of Man Railway. Two were delivered in 2020 and as of December 2020 the construction of the third and fourth was ongoing.[23]
  • BR 3MT 82045 - the SVRSevern Valley Railway is assembling the boiler of the new locomotive of the RiddlesRobert Arthur "Robin" Riddles, Member of the Railway Executive for Mechanical and Electrical Engineering responsible for the design of the British Rail Standard Class locomotives BRBritish Rail or British Railways 3MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic. 2‑6‑2T class

Contract boiler overhauls

Engineering Services also undertake contract overhauls for boilers of locomotives not resident on the SVRSevern Valley Railway. An incomplete list includes:

  • Quarry Hunslet 780/1902 ‘Alice’. Bala Lake Railway based locomotive received modifications with 3 washout mud doors, 2 re-located and tapped washout plug holes and 6 blanked off existing washout plug holes.[24]
  • Andrew Barclay 0-4-0WT (works number 1995 of 1931) (2011). Ex-Burnhope Reservoir railway, later at Dinorwic Quarry where it became No. 70 Caledonia. Based at Hollycombe Steam Collection. See also 2021 entry below.[25]
  • Furness Railway 150 'Cumbria' - Hunslet Austerity works no 3794, arrived at Bridgnorth Boilershop on 1 August 2011.
  • Hawthorn Leslie 2859 (Tanfield Railway No. 2) delivered at Tanfield on 6 August 2012.[26]
  • No. 441 - Thomas Green Works ‘Barber’ 2ft Gauge 0-6-2ST, completed in 2013. The firebox was made by South Devon Railway
  • Welshpool & Llanfair No. 10 Sir Drefaldwyn 20 December 2013 to 21 May 2015.[27]
  • Isle of Man Railway locomotive No. 11 Maitland arrived in 2014, returning 15 January 2016.[28]
  • Coffee Pot No. 1's boiler was sent to Bridgnorth for re-tubing in 2016.[29]
  • IvattHenry George Ivatt, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1946-1948. CME of BR (London Midland Region) 1948-1951 2MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic. 2-6-2T No. 41241, Keighley & Worth Valley Railway. Completed December 2017.[30]
  • Isle of Man Railway locomotive No. 15 Caledonia in 2018 and No. 4 Loch started that year.[31]
  • Penrhyn Slate Quarry No. 'Glyder' 0-4-0WT[32].
  • Quarry Hunslet 779/1902 ‘Holy War’, ex-Dinorwic Slate Quarry, No. 3 from the Bala Lake Railway.[33][34]
  • Hollycombe Steam Museum Andrew Barclay 0-4-0WT No 1995 Caledonia (2021)[34]

Boiler shop shunter

Ruston and Hornsby 165hp Diesel Electric Shunter D2961 normally serves as the Boiler Shop shunter.

See also

References

  1. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 23
  2. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 31
  3. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 33
  4. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 44
  5. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 49
  6. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 97
  7. Bridgnorth Wheel Drop case study on George Law's web site
  8. [1] NRHA Awards 2010
  9. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 170/171
  10. SVRSevern Valley Railway(H) annual report and financial statements for the period ended 5 January 2020
  11. SVRSevern Valley Railway Charitable Trust annual report and financial statements for the period ended 30 June 2020
  12. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 212, 213
  13. Branch Lines, March 2021
  14. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 80
  15. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 81
  16. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 88
  17. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 90, 91
  18. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 94
  19. 'Gang steal Severn Valley Railway copper', BBC, 27 January 2011 (Retrieved 7 December 2020)
  20. SVRA forum thread, " PR: 'Professionals' target SVR in £70,000 copper plate theft", 27 January 2011 (Retrieved 15 April 2018)
  21. rail.co.uk, 20 May 2016 (Retrieved 13 April 2019)
  22. Beamish Transport Online, 20 November 2015 (Retrieved 13 April 2019)
  23. Branch Lines, December 2020
  24. Express Points web round up, August 2011
  25. Web Round UpIn reference to the direction of travel means towards the major terminus (i.e. towards Kidderminster on the present day SVR), August 2011
  26. Delivery of repaired boiler for Hawthorn Leslie 2859 (Tanfield Railway No. 2), YouTube 6 August 2012 (Retrieved 21 February 2013)
  27. SVRSevern Valley Railway Engineering Twitter
  28. SVR Forum 15 January 2014
  29. Beamish Transport Online, 22 September 2016 (Retrieved 2 August 2019)
  30. Steam Railway Magazine, 3 December 2017 (Retrieved 13 April 2019)
  31. Isle of Man Today, 24 January 2018 (Retrieved 13 April 2019)
  32. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 208
  33. Branch Lines, December 2020 (Retrieved 12 December 2020)
  34. 34.0 34.1 SVRSevern Valley Railway News 213

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