GWR 94059 China Clay Open Wagon

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GWRGreat Western Railway 94059 China Clay Open Wagon
GWR 94059 China Clay Open Wagon.jpg
GWRGreat Western Railway 94059 China Clay Open Wagon
Built By GWRGreat Western Railway Swindon
Status Operational
Number 94059
Other Numbers PBA 58028
Built 1914
Diagram O13
Lot 777
Type 4w 5-plank tippler
Capacity 12 tons
Telegraphic code CLAY (after 1943)
Brakes DCII
1975 Arrived on SVRSevern Valley Railway

Goods Wagons

94059 is one of 500 built at Swindon in 1914 to Diagram O13, Lot 777. It is a 4-wheeled 5-plank open tippler wagon with a capacity of 12 tons. The wagons were used until the 1950s to haul china clay from Cornwall to the Staffordshire potteries, and accordingly were latterly given the telegraphic code 'CLAY'. In service they were fitted with zinc-lined floors, as the normal wooden floor of a wagon could stain the clay. An end door allowed the clay to be tipped, but side doors were also fitted to allow barrels of clay to be loaded if required. They were originally fitted with DCII brakes, later converted to a GWRGreat Western Railway MortonA type of brakes used on GWR wagons after Grouping in 1923, replacing the earlier DC (Dean Churchward) types.-type ‘lever each side’ pin-down arrangement to comply with the 1939 BoTBoard of Trade right hand brake lever ruling.[1][2]

94059 was sold to the Port of Bristol Authority in 1958 for use on the Avonmouth Docks internal system, where it was numbered PBA 58028. It was acquired from there, arriving on the SVRSevern Valley Railway on 8 September 1975.[3] Some body repairs were carried out shortly after arrival.[4] It ran for some time under the false number 97393 but was repainted with the correct number in 1982.[5]

In 1985, 94059 appeared on the main line when it was used in the GW 150 demonstration freight train which ran to Newport behind GWR freight loco 2857.[6]

In June 1990, 94059 and Cadbury's 346 Goods Van were included in the demonstration goods train for the "Heavy Freight Weekend" event. A number of the wagons were derailed on trap points at the north end of Bridgnorth station at the end of the event and both wagons suffered damage. 94059’s bodywork was already in poor condition and an overhaul was undertaken the following year. This included complete replacement of body timbers and the curb rail.[7]

A further overhaul was carried out in 2011. The second-hand floor planks used in 1991 were replaced with new Keruing(Trade name) A type of medium hardwood timber obtained from trees of the genus Dipterocarpus and a number of other planks were also replaced. The brakes were restored to the original as-fitted DCII arrangement using a mixture of spare components and newly fabricated parts.[8]

94059 is owned by The GWR 813 Preservation Fund.

See also

List of goods wagons


  1. Atkins, Beard & Tourret (2013) pp. 10, 28, 304.
  2. Wagon brakes on
  3. SVRSevern Valley Railway Stock Book Ninth Edition
  4. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 39
  5. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 66
  6. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 78
  7. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 96, 98, 102
  8. SVRSevern Valley Railway News 175